Structuring the essay:Most essays follow a structure that is similar

Structuring the essay:Most essays follow a structure that is similar

The next step is to construct a preliminary outline for your essay after you have analysed the question, conducted your initial research and decided on your tentative position and line of argument.

Most essays follow a structure that is similar including an introduction, human body paragraphs, and a summary, as shown within the diagram below.

A vital section of this preparation phase is working out of the many way that is logical provide your argument and supporting information which means your audience can simply follow your thinking. Careful preparation will assist make sure your argument is presented demonstrably and convincingly.


TEEL describes method of structuring human anatomy paragraphs, and is short for:

This is certainly explained in detail into the composing human anatomy paragraphs part of the guide.

Sample essay outlines

Here are two types of essay outlines that have been written in reaction to the essay concern: ‘Explain the partnership between police tradition and police accountability’.

Variation 1 reflects the type of plans that lots of students produce. It’s ok being a point that is starting however it has to be further developed. It’s very descriptive, and needs a more powerful argument and much much deeper analysis. Variation 2, having said that, presents a definite argument. It states the contention when you look at the introduction, accompanied by a group of supporting points which are centered on proof.


  • Police culture is due to typical sense and mission of ‘brotherhood’.
  • Police culture has bred cynicism, racism and a ‘code of silence’
  • This essay shall explore aftereffect of police culture on authorities accountability.


Contention: Police culture is definitely an impediment to authorities accountability.

Principal points: Police culture has bred cynicism, racism and a ‘code of silence’, into the detriment of integrity, morality while the law.

A variety of interior and outside settings are needed seriously to attain greater transparency and integrity.

Aim 1

Define police tradition.

Aim 1

Police tradition as defined by Chan.

Discuss issues with determining it.

Exactly exactly just How Chan’s meaning sets parameters because of this essay.

Aim 2

James and Warren outline the negative areas customwriting of authorities culture: ‘Code of silence’ and cynicism/pessimism when you look at the police.

Point 2

Topic phrase: ‘Code of silence’ is a component of authorities tradition which allows misconduct and corruption.

Proof (& analysis of proof): Kelling et al. highlight particular results of this including: punishment of authority, brutality, abuse of force, bribery…

So how exactly does their view match up against other studies? Strengths/weaknesses?

Aim 3

Smith and Reside (2010) state that discrimination and racism is element of police culture.

Point 3

Topic phrase: Police become cynical of the environment that is social be separated or detached as a result which feeds into police culture. This unintentionally impedes accountability them’ mentality, exercise of a higher degree of authority and force, and even racism and discrimination as it contributes to indifference, aggression, an ‘us and.

Aim 4

Description associated with separate figures that have already been founded to analyze and give a wide berth to corruption.

Point 4

Topic sentence: The establishment of separate systems to analyze and give a wide berth to misconduct and corruption are on their own proof of issues with police culture.

Proof (& analysis of proof): Chan, 1999; UBAC, OPI. Strengths/weaknesses of separate systems. Just exactly How effective have actually they been? Compare various viewpoints.


Negative aspects of authorities culture impede authorities accountability.


Contention: Police culture is among the biggest hurdles to police accountability.

Wider importance: Both interior and outside legislation are had a need to protect the integrity of police force in Australia

Variation 1:

  • Does not respond to the essay concern when you look at the introduction.
  • The contention is stated when you look at the summary, but should be stated when you look at the introduction, after which developed through the essay that is entire.
  • Paragraphs describe specific theories/ideas but don’t analyse them or state the way they make it possible to respond to the essay concern.

Variation 2:

  • States the contention within the introduction.
  • Claims are presented in reaction into the essay concern (when you look at the sentences that are topic, and so are supported by analysed evidence.
  • Conclusion sums up argument and reflects on implications.


There is absolutely no set dependence on the amount of paragraphs within an essay. The important things is the fact that argument is logically developed through a number of well-structured paragraphs.

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